Wood Mosaic Work
Moaraq (wood mosaic-work) is one of the main handicrafts of Iran in which small colored pieces of wood are carefully placed next to one another and create beautiful images resembling a painting masterpiece. To create a mosaic-work, however, beside naturally colored wood, it is possible to use other materials such as bone, shell, zinc, ivory, inlaid, which is the art of using geometrical forms carved on wood. Today, in Iran’s bazars, various types of mosaic tableaus are on sale with a variety of themes including natural landscapes, animal images, historically prominent figures, and Iranian classical or Quranic verses.
The Various Stages of Crafting Mosaic
1-Selecting the desired pattern and image
2-Gluing the pattern onto a plywood
3-Cutting the different parts of the pattern into smaller pieces and then adhering them the proper underlay by nail
4-Selecting various colored pieces of wood with varying fabrics for placing them onto the cut pieces of the pattern
5-Placing the pattern onto the desired wood with the use of nail or wood glue
6-Cutting the wood in line with the pattern
7-Replacing the pattern pieces with wooden pieces on the underlay of the tableau
8-Filling in the furrows and cut-marks and leveling the work off with the use of polyester
9-Smoothening the tableau with the use of various abrasives
10-Placing the last cover on the work with the use of a thin layer of polyester and polisher
Important Considerations at the Time of Purchasing Mosaic Tableaus
Make sure that the Mosaic Tableau you are about to purchase has a completely dried wood-work. In a high-quality mosaic-work, the outer layer of the tableau is completely burnished and smoothened. The smaller the wood pieces used in the tableau, the higher the value of it. Mosaic tableau must be kept in arid places without humidity and never to be washed.