The Treasury of National Jewelry is the largest state jewelry collection in the entire world and is literally a house of gold. The only spot on the planet whose exemplar jewels speak of the entire history of a great nation, where the word "value" itself is rendered entirely meaningless. It is a treasury blessed with a collection of diamonds, rubies, gems, and other ornamental items and jewels that catch the eye of any beholder. The Jewelry Ball, the famous diamond of Daryayeh Nour (lit. The Sea of Light), and the thrones and crowns of the kings of Iran are among its well-known jewelries. It used to be the backbone of Iran's economy and presently is one of the most important tourist attractions of the country.
Iran's Central Bank, which is officially in charge of the preservation of this treasury, has announced that there is not enough information about the status of the jewelries before Safavid Dynasty (1736-1501 MD). For this reason, we can assume these jewelries date back to the kings of this particular Dynasty. At the time of the Safavids, however, precious jewels were bought from India, Ottoman (Today's Turkey), and Western countries and then collected in store in Isfahan - back then the capital of Iran. By the fall of Safavids and Isfahan itself by the hands of Afghans, some of the jewels were left in their possession, yet, with the help of Nader Shah, the founder of Afshariyeh Dynasty, the attempts made to get them out of the country failed.
Later, Nader sent a letter to India's royal court and required the jewelries - then in their custody - to be delivered back to Iran effectively and immediately. With Indians rejecting this request, he attacked India with his army and gained many a jewelries from India's king as the spoils of war. Some of them were granted to Imam Reza's Shrine (located in Mashhad), some were given to the neighboring countries as gifts, and the rest divided among the troops. After his death, Nader's treasury was looted by a Sirdar called Ahmad'Beik Afghan Abdali. It was at that time that the famous diamond, Kouheh Nour (lit, the Mountain of Light), i.e. the twin of Daryayeh Nour diamond, was smuggled out of the country and fell into the hands of Ranjit Singh, the ruler of Panjab, and, after his subsequent fall, which was decided by the British, it was dedicated to Queen Victoria.
Daryayeh Nour diamond (lit. the Sea of Light) is now kept in London Tower and countries like England, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India have laid claim to its possession. At the time of Qajarid Dynsasty (1789 – 1925 MD), some of the jewelries were used for forging crowns and thrones for the kings. The Iranian Turquoise and Caspian Pearls were gradually added to this collection. The Treasury of the Jewelry was first formed by the transference of the jewelries from Golestan Palace to Iran's National Bank in the year 1937, and, after the formation of Iran's Central Bank, in 1960, it was taken into the custody of the latter in its present location.
To get to Tehran’s national jewelry museum, you can take taxi, subway, or BRT buses. With whatever means of transport, however, you should get off at Ferdowsi Sq. The Treasury is located about 800 meters to the south of this square which can be covered either by walk or by bus.
Saturday - Sunday - Monday - Tuesday 2 pm - 4:30 pm
Children under 12 years of age are not allowed in this Treasury.