The Royal Complex of Golestan is one the most exquisitely decorated historical monuments of Iran, which is flourished with exemplary ornaments such as paintings, engravings, and tiling, and thus flaunts the delicate Iranian art and the glamour of its kings. The Golstan Palace is over 440 years old, and has witnessed some of the most historically significant events of 5 centuries of Iran’s political history in itself. This gigantic palace where the crowning of four kings took place is now itself a glimmering crown that has entered UNESCO’s World Heritage Status. Golestan Palace is located in the downtown of the capital, Tehran.
Golestan Palace originally dates back to this Safavid Dynasty. In his travel notes, Pietro Della Valle, the Italian voyager who came to Iran about 400 years ago, at the time of Safavids, has mentioned a palace in Tehran surrounded by oriental planes. The date of the preliminary construction of the present Golestan Palace, however, goes back to the era of Karim'Khan Zand (circa 1760 AD) which is when a chancery was built in there. After the death of Karim'Khan Zand, Agha Muhammad'Khan, who had managed to defeat Lotf'Ali Khan Zand, enthroned in the year of 1795 and announced Tehran as his Dar'ol Khalafah or state capital.
With Aqa Muhammad'Khan's shifting the capital from Shiraz to Tehran, this royal palace rose in value and worth. After him, his nephew, Fath'Ali Shah, too, crowned in Tehran and thus developed the palace further. Nasser'al din Shah of Qajar, whose reign lasted for half a century, was the first king of Iran to have travelled to Europe. Being touched by his triple visit to Europe, throughout his reign, he introduced many reforms and remakes to the palace. After him, there was no noteworthy change in the architecture of the Golestan Palace, but a number of significant historical events such as the crowning of his successor, Muzzaffar Shah, and, also, after him, Ahmad Shah, the King of Qajar, and after the fall of the Qajarid Dynasty, the crowning of the both kings of Pahlavi, Reza and Muhammad'Reza, took place in this majestic palace as well.
In order to get to Golestan Palace, besides taking taxi, you can take Tehran's subway. You should get off the subway train in either stations of Arg or Imam Khomeini Squares. Moreover, you can take Tehran's urban bus and get off in Imam Khomeini or Ghourkhaneh Stations. It is worth mentioning that the streets leading to Golestan Palace (Babeh Homayoun, Soureh Israfil, Davar, Sabzeh Maydan) are fully paved and thus commuting of the means of transport is under the control and supervision of the municipality in this restricted zone.
9 am - 6 pm
Taking pictures and filming are not allowed in the museums of Howz'Khaneh (lit. Dock Chamber), Negar'Khaneh (lit. Gallery Chamber), Makhsous, and the main hall. Taking pictures in the museums of Shams-ol Immarah (lit. The Sun Chamber), Baadgir (lit. Windbreaker), Akkas'Khaneh (lit. Photo Chamber), and Almas (lit. Diamond Chamber) and anthropology are only allowed without flashlight and tripod. Taking pictures and filming in the exterior area of the palace is only allowed without tripod.