All that there is to see and enjoy visiting in Tabriz in one side, Tabriz Bazar in the other side. The traditional bazar of Tabriz is the biggest and most glorious complex of the roofed up traditional bazars in Iran and in the entire world. Tabriz Bazar is a synthesis of Iranian art, trade, culture, and civilization and with its shopping chambers, Serais, bazar passageways, walkways, caravanserais, bathhouses, mosques, schools or madrasas, and also its unique and beautiful architecture can easily make any tourist fall for it. Tabriz Bazar is glorious, labyrinthine, and mysterious, looks like a myriad of colors, and each section it has is flourished with the fragrance that cannot be experienced anywhere else in the world. The admirable complex of Tabriz Bazar is the only bazar to have been registered in the UNESCO's world heritage.

Bazar is considered as one of the most principal constituents of the ancient Iranian cities. in the city planning models of ancient Iran, bazar, mosque, school, and bathhouse have always been placed next to one another and were all considered as the main constitutive parts of the city. being about one square kilometer in width, Tabriz Bazar is considered as one of the best and most exemplar roofed up Iranian markets in the Iran whose glory of Iranian and Islamic architectural styles are combined and with a specific trading function, standing should to shoulder by the grand bazar of Tehran, is a part of the beating heart of Iran’s economy.

The Bazar That Once Collapsed

Mehran'roud River’s course goes right through the bazar and divides it into two sections, northern and southern. The northern part of the bazar plays a less colorful in the economy of this city, Tabriz. Bazar has got a long-standing history and some dates its original core back to about ten centuries ago. In the deadly catastrophic earthquake that happened in Tabriz in the year 1780 a.d., bazar and all its components were completely destroyed but, thanks to the mastery of the architects, it the bazar of Tabriz quickly rebuilt.

Tabriz Bazar and Silk Road

The present complex of Tabriz Bazar dates back to the late Zand and early Qajarid dynasty which makes it about 250 years old. One of the reasons of Tabriz Bazar's dynamic and ever-growing status is due to its being placed on the way of Silk Road trade path. The trade and commerce caravans that were on their way to Europe from east Asia crossed from Tabriz Bazar and would trade there. For this reason, the economies of this city along with its bazar have always been on the path of growth and prosperity. In overall, Tabriz Bazar complex has 30 mosques, 12 schools or madrasas, 24 caravanserais, and 22 trade chambers. All the schools of Tabriz Bazar have been converted to Islamic schools or Islamic doctrine centers where those interested in religious sciences are educated.

The Three-Story Bazar

Tabriz Bazar is a three-story building. Its underground floor was used as a warehouse. The ground floor was used as trade center and stores while the floor on top of that was used as the resting place of the merchants. The most beautiful parts of Tabriz Bazar are the octagonal Qeisariyeh, Amir'Nezam Bazars, and Mozaffariyeh trade chamber. The glorious brick-made domes and spectacular roofs and ceilings of these bazars are the main reason of their beauty and popularity. The biggest dome is also placed upon Mozaffariyeh trade chamber. These chambers are dome-like spaces with their own unique architectural and ornamental design. All round them, you can find small stores in three separate floors used for trade, merchant's resting, and storing the products.

The Components of the Bazar

Caravanserais are roofless spaces. The yard is placed right in the middle with its gardening and water tank or reservoir while small stores or chambers are built all around it in three floors. There has been also a place reserved for keeping the merchants' livestock in the caravanserais. Serais and caravanserais are quite the same with the slight difference that the former is not as wide as the latter. Passageways, too, are door less public walkways with stores placed on their both sides and function as the main section of the bazar. There are tunnels connecting various sections of the bazar known as enter ways.

Bazar and Outdates Commercial Activities

One of the interesting things in Tabriz Bazar is thy its passageways, trade chambers, and Serais are named, each relevant to one of various jobs that, in overall, consist of 40 distinct cases most of which, however, expired or outdated due to cultural changes and transformations. Crafting saddles, packsaddles, and horseshoes are among some of these outdated businesses.

Tabriz Bazar is located at the heart of the city and thus you can get there from various ways. If you take the subway, Shahid Mohaqqeqi and Sa'at or Clock Square is the closest ones to Tabriz Bazar. You can alternatively use the BRT bus system. In that case, you need to get off the bus either in the BRT station of the bazar or in that of Sa’at Square. According to the trip plan we have outlined for you, after visiting Tarbiyat St., you need to get to the end of this street right at the entrance of Ferdowsi St. One of the main entrances of Tabriz Bazar is located in there. Enter the bazar and ask for directions of the Serais and trade chambers by referring to the locals found in there.

Tabriz Bazar is close at night. For visiting the bazar, you should make a visit to this cultural and commercial place in daytime. From early in the morning to the evening at sunset time, the bazar will be open. The time of opening or closing the stores is not related to that of the official time and thus differs in summer and winter. When the sun is setting, the bazar will be closed store by store and sunset time, of course, differs seasonally. You would find the bazar crowded almost at any time of the day. In the mid-day and also in the evening, you will find a larger population in various sections of the bazar. You will also find it closed on Fridays and official holidays because there is a close tie between the bazar and economy and when major economic or banking activities are officially off, bazar will be the same as well. Of course, you can take a walk in bazar's passageways even on days when it is closed. Yet, if doing so, you will only be able to enjoy it from an architectural point of view and miss the chance of  lose enjoying all other aspects of it all together.


The grand labyrinthine Tabriz Bazar has a complex structure and given the fact that it is considered as an urban area, you will find it packed with crowds of people. So, be careful not to be lost due to the over crowdedness of the area. It is a good idea to ask for help and direction from locals you meet there. They are very hospitable and kind and certainly enjoy being helpful to the tourists. Wear comfortable shoes and we recommend that you should carry a bottle of mineral water with you. It is allowed to take pictures in the bazar but be careful not to have Tabrizian ladies in the pictures you take because Tabriz-dwellers are mostly religious and thus not interested in being photographed without permission. If you are planning to take photos of human interactions, make sure to ask for permission first.

Make sure to visit jewelry stores' section in bazar and experience the wonder of witnessing the mastery and craftsmanship of the Tabrizian goldsmiths firsthand. Visiting the carpet and rug section is, no doubt, an interesting and thrilling experience for any visitor, so make sure not to miss it. The spices section, too, is flourished with colors and fragrances and shapes up an unrepeatable experience. In this section, various kinds of spices and herbal medicine are sold with a really high quality. If you are planning to get some souvenirs, bazar is for sure the best place to do so. It has both a very rich variety and the advantage of having reasonable and convenient prices. High-quality spices, dried out fruits, and nuts can be bought as souvenirs. If you need to go to WC, ask for the closest mosques, they all have public restrooms. If you wish to buy heavy and voluminous objects, ask the porters to carry them for you on their hand-trays. If you have children along, either use baby-carrying suit or baby carriage.