Hegmataneh was one of the biggest and most important cities of the entire world about three thousand years ago. The remnants of this glorious Parthian city is one of the most attractive tourist destinations found in the west of Iran and such attractions as the inscriptions of the Achaemenes, Alevite Dome, and the Jewish tomb of Esther and Mordechai are among the most popular tourist spots in the modern city of Hamadan. Nevertheless, the fame and popularity of Hamadan exceeds its historical attractions and thanks to the aqua cave called Ali’Sadr, a mystifying 190-million-year old natural phenomenon, many of the nature-admirers from all around the world are inspired to travel to Hamadan and visit the city.
The globally known earthenware city of Laleh’Jin is another significant tourist center of Hamadan where you can wander among the historical ceramic and earthenware workshops and take in an air that is impregnated with the odor of salted soil and thus see the entire mud-and-brick ancient civilization of Iran resurrected right before you. This city can also be introduced and promoted as one of the best winter recreational centers of the country. Ski-runs and the recreational and sport services center known as Ganj’Nameh-yeh Hamadan (lit. the Treasure-Letter of Hamadan) is one of the best international centers of winter sports and activities found in Iran.
Hamadan is also well-known thanks to Avicenna, the Iranian physician and scientist, being buried in there; a prominent polymath from whose scientific achievements the whole global population is still benefitting. At the center of Hamadan, you can find his tomb which is considered as one of the most attractive and popular tourist spots of the whole city both for national and international visitors visiting which would be an inseparable part of any visit plan by the tourists who travel to Hamadan. The historical Bazar of Hamadan, its Jame’ Mosque, and the stony Lion Statue remaining from the Sassanid Dynasty, along with the tomb of Baba’Tahir, the couplet-writing famous poet of Iran, and the historical bathhouse known as Qal’eh (lit. Castle) are among the other attractions found in there.
The city has a circle-shaped plan. From its main square, there are six streets with a 60-degree angle from one another stretched to various directions. The historical monuments are distributed all around the main square of the city at the mouth of each of these six-folded streets, all alike one another, and thus have created a spectacular scenic view of this radial city.
Hamadan is located in Zagreus Mountains. It has a mountainous cold weather with some very short and mild warm summers and, in winter, the mountains surrounding it all covered in white by snow form the most scenic landscape of the city. This weather feature itself plays the role of the main strength of Hamadan as a touristic city since many tourists travel to Hamadan and visit there out of their interest in and passion for winter recreational activities and sports and, equally, many go to that part of Iran to enjoy its mild and pleasant summers.
Hamadan-dwellers are economically highly intelligent and introversive people. Even though, quite similar to any other ethnicity in Iran, they, too, admire and are kind to the tourists and guests, it is still possible that they act more discreetly and cautiously when it comes to expressing their positive feelings to the strangers. Nevertheless, there is no dispute over that fact that you will have a great time in there and that you will be served with colorful dishes and cuisines.
Culinary rituals and customs are among the most attractive features of the folkloric culture of these people. It is probable that there exists an intertwined tie between this aspect of their cultural life and atmosphere and the high potentials of that region for growing and cultivating herbal medicine. Hamadan is actually known as the paradise of the herbal medicine of Iran and all around its mountains, various types of plants grow all of which are believed to be remedial for all sorts of illnesses. This very aspect of the natural life of that region has created a situation in which an essential part of the folkloric culture of Hamadan is associated with herbal therapy and a keen interest in and an intact knowledge of the effects of food materials on the well-being and health of body and soul; a characteristic overtly manifest in their culinary habits and beliefs.