Iran UNESCO World Heritages

So far, 22 monuments from Iran have been let in UNESCO's world heritage status. Among them, 21 are considered as cultural heritage and one only one is a natural heritage. It might be a question to you what UNESCO's world heritage is and why some monuments are registered in its list and also why it is considered of merit to be listed in there. The world heritage of UNESCO is a treaty that was passed and signed in the 1972 general assembly of UNESCO and the UNESCO's world heritage status is a list including the historical, cultural, natural sites of all countries all around the world and UNESCO, after thorough investigations throughout the year, every year, choses certain cases of them to be added to this list so that it be left as a heritage to the people of the world regardless of their race, nationality, gender and the like forever.


The places that are registered in UNESCO's world heritage are based on the convention of the protection of the global, cultural, and natural heritage that belong with all humans of the earth at all times and periods of history and are considered valuable for having entered this list. The procedure to take here is that the applicant countries make a case of the particular phenomenon in their homeland, which has got the qualifications and features necessary for being registered as a world heritage by UNESCO. The experts of that organization then investigate the case thoroughly and then vote for or against the application. Iran’s share of the list of the world heritage status is 22 monuments which will be introduced in what follows:


Chogha zanbil Ziggurat

Geographical whereabouts: Khuzestan Province

Date of registration: 1979

Age: about 3250 years

Reason of prominence: Chogha zanbil ziggurat is the name of a temple for worshiping the ancient deities at the time of Untash belonging to 1250 B.C. located in Khuzestan Province.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Ancient Site of Persepolis

Geographical whereabouts: marvdasht, Fars province

Date of registration: 1979

Age: about 2500 years

Reason of prominence: Persepolis or perses polis, as was called in ancient Greek, is the name of a big ancient city in Fars province neighboring with shiraz. This city was famous for its massive palaces and stony columns and is a reminder of the glory of the Iranian ancient civilization with its stone-based architectural style.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Naqsheh Jahan Square

Geographical whereabouts: Isfahan

Date of registration: 1979

Age: Safavid dynasty

Reason of prominence: Naqsheh Jahan square is located at the center of Isfahan and consists of four historical highlighted monuments, which are shah mosque, sheik Lotf'ali mosque, Aali Qapoo, and Qeisariyeh over door or transom. Being considered as the largest ancient square in Iran, it is one of the main attractions of Isfahan.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Historical Site of Takhteh Soleimaniyeh or Solomon's Throne

Geographical whereabouts: west Azerbaijan, Takab

Date of registration: 2003

Age: about 3000 years

Reason of prominence: The historical site of Takhteh Soleimaniyeh is located in west Azerbaijan. The historical monuments, including the fire-temple, are located around a naturally formed lake. This complex was considered as one of the important residential areas and sites of civilizations in Iran.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Bam and its Cultural Atmosphere

Geographical whereabouts: Shahre babak, Kerman province

Date of registration: 2004

Age: about 3000 years

Reason of prominence: The erg or fortress of bam is the biggest mud-and-crick made edifice in the world and a remnant of the mud-and-brick based architectural design of Iran. This fortress and its cultural atmosphere were ruined by the occurrence of an earthquake in 2004. Yet, with the help and support of the international institutions, it was renovated and reconstructed and entered UNESCO's world heritage status.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Pasargadae

Geographical whereabouts: Pasargad, Fars province

Date of registration: 2004

Age: about 2500 years

Reason of prominence: The tomb of Cyrus the great, the founder of the Achamenede dynasty, the royal garden of Pasargadae, a number of palaces, fountain, caravanserai and the like are some of the monuments and edifices included in the case of Pasargadae and now registered in UNESCO's world heritage status.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Soltaniyeh Dome

Geographical whereabouts: Soltaniyeh, Zanjan province

Date of registration: 2005

Age: about 700 years

Reason of prominence: Soltaniyeh dome is located in Zanjan province adjacent to Zanjan city and is the tomb of sultan Muhammad-eh khoda'bandeh. It is recorded as the largest dome in the world.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Historical and Cultural Site of Bisotun

Geographical whereabouts: Kermanshah province

Date of registration: 2006

Age: about 2500 years

Reason of prominence: The inscription engraved on a stone in Bisotun is considered as the biggest and gives an account of the victory of Darius the great over Gautama magus and enchaining the rebels. This site is historically related to the Achemende dynasty.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Complex of Azerbaijan’s Churches

Geographical whereabouts: west Azerbaijan and east Azerbaijan

Date of registration: 2008

Age: about 2000 years

Reason of prominence: St. Thaddeus Monastery, St. Stephen’s monastery, and chapel of dzordzor are the trilogy of the churches located in northwest of Iran whose case have been recently admitted by UNESCO to become part of its world heritage status.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

Geographical whereabouts: Shushtar, Khuzestan Province

Date of registration: 2009

Age: about 4000 years

Reason of prominence: Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is a complicated and subtle engineered system for exploiting the power produced by water for setting the mills on their circular motion. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System has come to be known as the largest industrial complex of the pre-industrialized era.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Tabriz Bazar

Geographical whereabouts: Tabriz, east Azerbaijan

Date of registration: 2010

Age: about 300 years

Reason of prominence: Tabriz bazar is the largest roofed up bazar complex in the world and thus registered in UNESCO's world heritage status for it. its passageways, small markets, serais, caravanserais, chambers and the like are some of the compartments that shape up the bazar as a whole.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Tomb of Sheikh Saffi'al'din Ardebili

Geographical whereabouts: Ardebil

Date of registration: 2010

Age: about 700 years

Reason of prominence: The tomb of sheik Saffi'al'din Ardebili, the founder of Shiite Islamic sect in Iran is located in Ardebil. This complex is popular due to the unique artistic works applied in its decoration.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Persian Garden

Geographical whereabouts: Shiraz, Isfahan, Kashan, Behshahr, Mahan, Yazd, Mehriz, Birjand

Date of registration: 2011

Reason of prominence: Persian garden is a combination of green space and watering system designed and applied with a humanistic approach and in agreement with Iranian life style and social attitudes. the cases of nine Persian gardens have been registered in UNESCO's world heritage status so far and gardens such as Pasargadae, Eram, Chehel'sotoun, Fin, Abbass'aabaad, Baghe Shah'zadeh or the prince's garden, Dolat'aabaad, Pahlivan'poor, Akbarriyeh are placed in the case in question.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Jame' Mosque of Isfahan

Geographical whereabouts: Isfahan

Date of registration: 2012

Age: about 1200 years

Reason of prominence: The Jame' mosque of Isfahan is one of the most important and oldest religious edifices in Iran. This mosque is one of the matchless artistic creations of the Iranian-Islamic architectural style and does indeed reflect the byzantine art within a traditional and Islamic framework.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Gonbad-e Qabus Tower

Geographical whereabouts: Gonbad, Golestan Province

Date of registration: 2012

Age: about 400 years

Reason of prominence: Gonbad-e Qabus tower is considered as the tallest brick-made tower in the whole world and thus is of great significance.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Golestan Royal Complex

Geographical whereabouts: the city of Tehran

Date of registration: 2013

Age: 440 years old

Reason of prominence:  The royal complex of Golestan consists of eight edifices and a palace which is decorated with outmost beauty by the application of such Iranian fine arts as mirror-work and tile-work. Moreover, the artistic and glorious juxtaposition of Iranian and western architectural styles is considered as another highlighted aspect of Golestan royal complex.  the royal complex of Golestan is noteworthy since it was once the ruling center of the Iranian kings and thus considered as the political heart of the country; in addition, the residential function that it had for the royal family paired with the fact that it was an educational center for the artists and architects have increased its significance all together.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages

The Civilization of The Burnt City

Geographical whereabouts: Sistan, Zabol

Date of registration: 2014

Age: about 6000 years

Reason of prominence: The burnt city is the remnant of a grand civilization of Iran’s ancient city-state located on way of the Silk Road and considered as a gate that would bring the western civilization to meet that of the east.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Meymand Village

Geographical whereabouts: Shahre Babak, Kerman

Date of registration: 2015

Age: about 12000 years

Reason of prominence: Meymand village is hand-carved in the structuring and construction of its houses - known as Kicheh - which were carved into the rocks and stones and also famous for its record of forming residential places with primitive equipment.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Ancient City of Shush

Geographical whereabouts: Khuzestan Province

Date of registration: 2015

Age: about 4200 years B.C.

Reason of prominence: The ancient city of shush (Susa) is one of the oldest and most important cities of ancient Iran.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Persian Qanats or wells

Geographical whereabouts: Mehriz, Yazd, Arak, Isfahan, Ardestan, kerman

Date of registration: 2016

Age: from Achamenede to Qajarid dynasty

Reason of prominence: Qanat is one of the intelligent inventions of the Iranians in face of the geographical obstacles. Iranian have for long been resisting against problems such as drought and water shortage in a quite effective manner by excavating or digging wells or Qanats, creating water reservoirs and the like. Qantas of Gonbad, Qanat of Ferdows county, the Qanats of Hassan'aabaad, Mehriz, and Zarech in Yazd, Ibrahim'aabaad Qanat in arak, Mazd'aabaad Meymeh Qanat, Vazvan Qanat in Isfahan's Meymeh, the double-story Qanat of Ardestan, Joupaar Qanat, Akbar'aabaad Qanat, Qasim'aabaad Baravat Qanat in Kerman are among the Qanats that have been included in the case referred to UNESCO and registered as world heritage status.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Lut Desert

Geographical whereabouts: South Khuzestan, Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan

Date of registration: 2016

Age: about 5000 years

Reason of prominence: Lut desert is the hottest point on the earth. Moreover, with having discovered over three thousand historical findings attained from the margins of this desert suggest that there had been a rich civilization dating back to five thousand years ago here in Iran. It has been registered in UNESCO's world heritage status as the first natural phenomenon of Iran to have gained this record.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


The Historical City of Yazd

Geographical whereabouts: Yazd province

Date of registration: 2017

Age: 8000 to 12000 years

Reason of prominence: The historical context of Yazd is the most singled out style or urban planning in agreement with the climatic aspects of Iran. All the urban and architectural elements of this part of the city have been planned and chosen under the impact of the climate of that region in a way that it could win the highest degree of mental tranquility for its dwellers of the time. Wind-catchers, Sabats or sunshades, domes, and Minerates are some of the most important components of the traditional urban planning of Yazd.

Iran UNESCO World Heritages


Pages you might be interested in: About Iran | UNESCO world heritage centre